Team:IISER Kolkata/Human Practices

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Subclinical Bovine mastitis is a long-persisting problem in the dairy industries all over the world. India is one of the largest producers and consumers of milk in the world. Bovine mastitis is a problem that demands serious attention to safeguarding the economy of our dairy sector, the health of cows, and people consuming raw milk. The prevalence of Subclinical bovine mastitis ranges from 19.20 to 83% in cows and alone leads to 70-80% economic loss in the dairy industry [1] It is also seen that Subclinical bovine mastitis is more prevalent in India [2]. Not only in India, but this problem also persists in the dairy industries all over the world for many years and people are trying to find a permanent solution to this problem [3]. Now, as much as Subclinical mastitis is a problem in the cows and dairy industry, it is also a serious health hazard for humans. Subclinical bovine mastitis doesn’t show any visible symptoms in either the cows or the milk. Therefore the mastitis-causing pathogens present in the milk can easily enter the food chain of humans resulting in food poisoning outbreaks and other severe health problems [4]. This disease causes degradation of the milk quality, hence resulting in a large amount of wastage. With the passage of time, this has been emerging as a very challenging hurdle to overcome.

One of our team members encountered the problem of bovine mastitis at a personal level. Then we realized that the problem of bovine mastitis is extremely relevant to society, affecting different members of the society differently. Therefore our team wanted to recognize the difficulties faced by people due to bovine mastitis and develop a solution for them. We understood the importance of evaluating the impact that our project will have on society and further modifying and adapting our project to deliver the most optimized solution to the stakeholders by taking their input. Integrated Human Practices will help us understand the mutualistic relationship of society and science and how their views will shape scientific advancement and cater to the needs of communities and build a good and responsible solution. We have engaged in meaningful discussions with communities to develop a solution for them. Conversations with our stakeholders have guided the development of our project throughout to shape it into a better solution to the long-standing problem of Bovine Subclinical mastitis in the dairy industry.

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