Homepage Project History
Kenneth, Davis S. “The Deadly Dust: The Unhappy History Of DDT.” AMERICAN HERITAGE, American Heritage Publishing Co., Feb. 1971,

McMacked, David. History by Decades, City of St. Louis, 2003,
The article is a compilation of excerpts from the book "St. Louis at 150-The story of the Middle of the Mitten" by Daniel McMacken (2003).
Project Research
"Improved Part. Making a better estrogen sensor,"Carnegie Mellon iGEM Team, 2015,

"Sensor That Reports Endocrine Activating Molecules,"Carnegie Mellon iGEM Team, 2014,

Felton, Rachel G., et al. “Identification of California Condor (Gymnogyps Californianus) Estrogen Receptor Variants and Their Activation by Xenoestrogens.” General and Comparative Endocrinology, Academic Press, 1 Apr. 2020,

Liang, Rubing, et al. “Construction of a Bacterial Assay for Estrogen Detection Based on an Estrogen-Sensitive Intein.” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 1 Apr. 2011,

Matthews, Jason, et al. “Differential Estrogen Receptor Binding of Estrogenic Substances: a Species Comparison.” The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pergamon, 8 Jan. 2001,

Vincent, O'Brien, et al. “Designing a Biosensor to Detect Endocrine-Disrupting Compounds.” St. Mary's College of California, 2012.
Proposed Implementation
1. Weston Solutions of Michigan, Inc. “Baseline Assessment Report Pine River Long Term Monitoring Plan Operable Unit Two (OU-2) Velsicol Chemical Corporation Superfund Site St. Louis, Gratiot County, Michigan.” Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Remediation Division Superfund Section, Mar. 2011.

2. “LB Broth, Miller's.” The Lab Depot, The Lab Depot,

3. “TLD Centrifuge Tubes, Conical Bottom - Sterile, 15mL & 50mL.” The Lab Depot, The Lab Depot,

4. Pardee, Keith, et al. “Rapid, Low-Cost Detection of Zika Virus Using Programmable Biomolecular Components.” Cell, Cell Press, 19 May 2016,

5. Miller, Rachel A., et al. “Development of a Paper-Immobilized Yeast Biosensor for the Detection of Physiological Concentrations of Doxycycline in Technology-Limited Settings.” Analytical Methods, The Royal Society of Chemistry, 7 Apr. 2020,!divAbstract.
Story Book
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, August 16). Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) factsheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

2. Fish and wildlife service. Official Web page of the U S Fish and Wildlife Service. (n.d.).

3. Hopkins, C. L., Solly, S. R., & Ritchie, A. R. (1969). DDT in trout and its possible effect on reproductive potential. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 3(2), 220–229.

4. Service, U. S. F. and W. (n.d.). Fact sheet. Official Web page of the U S Fish and Wildlife Service.

5. Sophie, S. (2021, March 24). Once nearly extinct, American bald eagle populations have quadrupled in last decade. CBS News.
We found our parameters from these two main sources and made estimations of values based on patterns in these sources.

1. Math Modelling: First Steps.

2. Team:Hzau-China/Model,
History Page
1. Beggin, Riley, and Jim Malewitz. “In a Michigan Town with a Toxic Legacy, Residents Fought ...” Bridge Michigan,

2. COTTAM, CLARENCE, and ELMER HIGGINS. Superintendent of Document., U. S. Government Printing Office,

3. Takayama, Shozo, et al. “Effects of Long-Term Oral Administration of DDT on Nonhuman Primates,” ProQuest, Apr. 1999,

4. O'Shaughnessy, and Patrick T. “PARACHUTING CATS AND CRUSHED EGGS: The Controversy Over the Use of DDT to Control Malaria.” ProQuest, Nov. 2008,